Social Determinants of Health

How and Where We Live, Learn, and Play Matters

We believe holistic health promotion, or a Youth 360° approach, is the best way to achieve better health outcomes for all youth, including young people who are pregnant or parenting and other marginalized youth.

Social-Ecological Health Promotion Model

The social-ecological health promotion (SEHP) model provides the theoretical background to understand our Youth 360° frame for holistic health promotion.

Divided into 4 levels, or spheres, SEHP model maps the variety of complex, interrelated elements, or social determinants of health, that shape our long-term physical, mental, emotional, and social health and well-being. Each level—individual, relationship, community, and societal—provides a way of organizing the social determinants that influence health and behavior outcomes.

Social determinants of health are the elements in the environment in which youth live, learn, and play that shape their long-term physical, mental, emotional, and social health and well-being.

The SEHP model (below) illustrates how the social determinants of health comprise a wide range of factors, moving beyond a focus on individual behavior to a more comprehensive  understanding of how a wide range of factors influence health outcomes.

Read more about increasing your impact using a social-ecological approach in our tip sheets:

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